Metabolic Syndrome – Increased Risk For Heart Attack

Metabolic syndrome is a group of symptoms occurring together that promote the development of coronary artery disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. It is believed by some scientists to be a genetic disorder, but there are other underlying factors that predispose to the disease such as poor diet and a lack of physical exercise.

Risk Factors

The disease is generally indicated by a cluster of at least three of the five following signs:

• Abdominal obesity – indicated by a 40 inch or greater waist in men and a waist of 35 inches or greater in women

• A high fasting blood glucose of at least 100 mg/dL

• High serum triglycerides of at least 150 mg/dL

• Low HDL serum cholesterol – for men less than 40 mg/dL and for women less than 50 mg/dL

• An elevated blood pressure – a systolic value of 130 mm Hg or higher and a diastolic value of 85 mm Hg or higher.

These risk factors taken individually may not seem serious but taken as a group and with 3 of 5 of these factors present the risks for developing heart disease and type 2 diabetes increases. So far those that have been identified with this syndrome have been identified as those at the greatest risk for a heart attack.

Dietary and Lifestyle Changes

• Eat a healthy diet

• Achieve and maintain a healthy body weight

• Increase physical activity

• Monitor blood glucose, lipoproteins, and blood pressure

• Treat diabetes

• Use drug therapy to treat hypertension

For more information about metabolic syndrome click on the link to

Dietary Dental Disease - Nutrition Factors

For other information on nutrition some great references are:

• Nutrition – Fourth Edition by Paul Insel, Don Ross, Kimberley McMahon, and Melissa Bernstein

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